The best 10 antibiotics according to the doctor opinion
Therefore, searching for information about them on the Internet is a very useful pastime. However, any disease should be treated carefully, thoroughly examining everything and, of course, after consulting with a doctor. Especially when it comes to antibiotics.
Antibiotics are powerful and effective against many diseases. These antibacterial substances of synthetic, half-synthetic or natural origin can quickly stop the growth of harmful microorganisms or completely destroy them. Especially often they are used in the treatment of such common diseases as angina, bronchitis, sinusitis, intestinal infections, otitis, pneumonia.
Therefore, for review, we have compiled a rating of the best antibiotics against specific diseases, in particular, sore throats, cough and some others. When choosing the means, we were guided by the recommendations of specialists, patient reviews and the description of the pharmacological action of the drugs. However, taking antibiotics should be strictly prescribed by a doctor!
The best antibiotics for sore throat, bronchitis and cough
Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract - one of the most common in clinical practice. Such diseases as sore throat and bronchitis are susceptible to both children and adults. Sometimes these pathological conditions can be caused by viruses, but bacterial infection often also occurs. In this case, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs (antibiotics). It should be recalled that antibiotic therapy should be carried out only after a full examination of the patient, diagnosis and testing the sensitivity of the flora to a particular antibiotic.
A sharp increase in body temperature, an increase in signs of general intoxication (weakness, headache and muscle pain, dizziness), cough with a discharge of purulent sputum may indicate the accession of a bacterial infection. This article will review the ranking of the most affordable and effective antibiotics for angina, bronchitis and cough in adults.
Antibiotic Flemoxin Solutab (Amoxicillin) from the group of aminopenicillins, is available in the form of soluble tablets of 20 pieces per pack. There are several basic dosages: 0.125g, 0.25g, 0.5g, 1.0g. Amoxicillin is the main active ingredient that inhibits the growth and development of many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (pyogenic cocci, which most often provoke inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract).
However, this antibiotic got into the rating because it is used not only for sore throat and bronchitis - it can also inhibit the growth of some intestinal bacteria, which provoke intestitis and inflammatory processes in the urinary organs.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of this medication is a quick and complete absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, a pleasant taste, the possibility of use from an early age. Another advantage of the drug Flemoxin Solutab is that it can be drunk both before and after meals (and even during meals). With the proper use of this antibiotic, a pronounced therapeutic effect develops from the first hours. But you can notice it in a few days.
A number of disadvantages include, first of all, frequent allergic reactions that occur after using the drug, high cost (relative to analogues), as well as the inability to inhibit the growth of bacteria that produce an enzyme such as beta-lactamase (this enzyme destroys penicillins). In general, the advantages of Flemoxin are much more, therefore this remedy is often used in inflammatory processes that occur in the upper respiratory tract.
Very effective bacteriostatic broad spectrum antibiotic based on azithromycin. It acts against a variety of microorganisms that can cause sore throat, bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Sumamed easily copes even with neglected cases of purulent tonsillitis, otitis, with a moderate illness removes all the symptoms of acute respiratory infections in just a day. Acts very quickly, so for the treatment is usually enough just three tablets. Convenience of reception - one of the main advantages of this drug.
There are contraindications and side effects, but there are fewer of them than most cheaper antibiotics. Doctors are very fond of this drug, give him high marks, noting the high efficiency in most cases. Allowed to accept children from three years. But it is better for children to give it in the form of a suspension, but not tablets.
The low-cost domestic broad-spectrum drug is the most common drug against colds. Despite the low price, it copes well with various respiratory tract infections, including bronchitis, laryngitis and pneumonia.
But in the instructions for use you can see a large number of side effects and contraindications, alas, characteristic of most of these drugs. In addition, it is not recommended for children under 16 years of age, as well as for adults who have an arrhythmia, kidney or liver failure.
This is an antibiotic from the same group as Flemoksin Solyutab - it belongs to the group of aminopenicillins. Available Amoxiclav (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid) in the form of tablets of 14 pieces per pack. There are different dosages of this antibiotic: 0.25g, 0.5g, 0.875g, however, it should be noted that the amount of clavulanic acid remains unchanged and is 0.125g.
Advantages and disadvantages
As mentioned above, in addition to the main active ingredient - Amoxicillin, the drug contains clavulanic acid, which plays an important role in the treatment of bronchitis and tonsillitis caused by bacteria that synthesize beta-lactamase. Since this enzyme is capable of destroying penicillins, clavulanic acid blocks it, thereby achieving a more pronounced and rapid effect. Another advantage - the drug has little effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
The best antibiotics for sinus
The treatment of sinusitis is carried out according to different regimens, but antibiotics are prescribed in most cases. These can be tablets, solutions for intramuscular administration and local use. Sometimes a combined treatment regimen is used.
Wilprafen Solutab is a rather large tablet with a sweet taste and a pleasant strawberry flavor. The main active ingredient is josamycin, effective against bacterial infections caused by a variety of pathogens. The drug is often prescribed for sore throat, bronchitis, otitis, pneumonia, as well as dental infections, furunculosis and diseases of the genitourinary system.
The main feature of the antibiotic is that it can be taken during pregnancy and breastfeeding without fear of serious consequences for the child. In general, this drug can be called one of the safest. Contraindications are reduced to intolerance to macrolide antibiotics and severe liver disease. Side effects at least. The only drawback means the doctors and patients call it a high cost.
The best broad-spectrum antibiotics
Although in most cases the use of highly targeted antibiotics is preferred, since they have fewer side effects, it is often impossible to recover without a broad-spectrum antibiotic. For example, some diseases can be caused by several types of bacteria at once. In addition, not all pathogens can be eliminated by taking a specialized antibiotic.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, a time-tested popular drug, is quite inexpensive, but works quite effectively. It can be taken in case of many diseases, both with and without fever, from sore throat and otitis to Lyme disease, meningitis and sepsis.
Amoxicillin is perhaps one of the most sought-after antibiotics for adults and children. The presence of various forms of release, including pills and suspensions, as well as a relatively small list of possible side effects make it possible to take medicine even for pregnant women and babies from 1 month old.
The best antibiotics for children
Illness of the child itself is not an easy ordeal. However, the situation is often complicated by the fact that children do not want to take an antibiotic, or it has many side effects that are extremely harmful to the child’s body. Therefore, we have selected some of the most harmless and palatable effective drugs for tonsillitis, bronchitis and other common diseases.
Augmentin is one of the few antibiotics that are safe enough to give to young children, even babies. Despite the relatively small number of side effects, the drug, unlike some analogues, can still have a negative effect on the kidneys and intestines. Therefore, it should be taken with caution, especially at an early age.
In general, the antibiotic is distinguished by its effectiveness and good composition. Especially often this antibacterial agent is prescribed in the treatment of bronchitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, as well as various infections of the respiratory tract. In addition, due to the enhanced complex action, this antibiotic is also effective in combating various mixed infections. In addition to the suspension, Augmentin is also available in pill form, which can be taken by children of school age and adults.
An antibiotic from the group of beta-lactams, namely it refers to cephalosporins. Cefalexin is available in the form of capsules of 0.5 g, 16 packs each. The drug has a pronounced bactericidal action (destroys microorganisms). It is often used in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, urinary system, skin and subcutaneous fat, ENT organs, and the musculoskeletal system. Its application is possible already from the neonatal period, however the course and dosages are selected individually, taking into account the age and weight of the child. This permission to use the drug in newborns significantly increases the safety rating of this drug.
Advantages and disadvantages
It can be used from the first month of a child’s life, even with long-lasting and hard-flowing infections. It does not require taking the drug too often - 1-2 capsules per day are enough. Cefalexin has a pronounced effect on a wide range of bacteria, inhibiting their reproduction. It can be used as a first-line drug for pneumonia. It is one of the few cephalosporins that are prescribed in capsules, and not available in injections.
Clarithromycin is an antibacterial drug that belongs to a number of macrolides. The antibiotic has a mild bacteriostatic effect, so it is often used for long-lasting infections of the upper respiratory tract, rhinitis, otitis, sinusitis and sinusitis. It is produced in the form of tablets and capsules of 0.25 and 0.5 g. Clarithromycin inhibits the reproduction of pyogenic cocci, mycobacteria and Helicobacter pylori infection, therefore it is often used to treat gastric ulcer.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of Clarithromycin, as well as other antibacterial drugs from the group of macrolides, is the minimal possibility of side effects. Therefore, the drug can be used in the first year of life of the baby. Another advantage is a course of treatment from 6 to 10 days, while prescribing 2 capsules per day. Rapid absorbability and a long half-life ensures effective action and the achievement of a therapeutic effect in a short time.
Furadonin (Nitrofurantoin) is a drug with a pronounced antimicrobial activity, which belongs to the class of nitrofuran derivatives. Actively inhibits the proliferation of bacteria by inhibiting the synthesis of RNA and DNA. The most common purpose of Furadonin is in urology, due to its bacteriostatic action, it is used even for long-lasting urinary tract infections (pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis). Available in pill form, which must be taken 2-3 times a day (as recommended by the doctor).
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of Furadonin is that the pathogens of urinary tract infections practically do not develop resistance (resistance) to this drug, this increases the efficiency rating with long-term use. Therefore, it can be taken as part of a comprehensive treatment that includes several courses. It is rapidly absorbed in the stomach, enters the blood plasma and binds to proteins, and then begins to act on the nephrons in the kidneys.
The disadvantage can be called the fact that Furadonin can be used only from 12 years old, before that - according to testimony and with caution. But in this case, it is completely replaceable with furagin. The drug can affect the function of the liver and the gastrointestinal tract as a whole, sometimes causing allergic reactions, neurotic disorders and dyspepsia.