Instruction for Fenistil
You can buy Fenistil gel here
The drug reduces the increased capillary permeability associated with allergic reactions. When applied to the skin Fenistil gel reduces itching and irritation caused by skin-allergic reactions. The drug also has a pronounced local anesthetic effect. It also has an antikinin and weak anticholinergic effect.
When applied topically due to the gel base, it has a quick onset of action - in a few minutes, the maximum effect - in 1-4 hours.
Composition and release form
Fenistil is available in several dosage forms: gel, drops, emulsion.
Fenistil gel is intended for external use. The drug is available in aluminum tubes with a volume of 30 g and 50 g in a carton box; an instruction manual is included with the gel with a complete description of the characteristics of the drug. It is a colorless transparent homogeneous substance, without any peculiar smell.
The active ingredient of the preparation is Dimetinden maleate, per 100 g of gel - 100 mg.
The auxiliary components are: benzalkonium chloride, propylene glycol, carbomer, disodium edetate.
Fenistil belongs to the 1st generation antihistamine drugs. By blocking histamine H1 receptors, it does not reveal the effects of histamine - hyperemia, increased capillary permeability, puffiness, itching, etc. Thus, the antiallergic and antipruritic effect of the drug is realized.
Fenistil is able to block the effects of kinins, exhibits little anticholinergic activity. Clinically, this is manifested in the "drying" of the mucous membranes, which is sometimes used in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections with increased secretion of the nasal mucosa. The drug has a slight sedative effect, does not possess antiemetic activity.
The gel is intended for topical use. It eliminates the skin manifestations of allergy without systemic side effects in the form of drowsiness or anticholinergic influences. Antipruritic and mild cooling effect is already apparent several minutes after application to the skin.
After ingestion is quickly and completely absorbed from the digestive system, bioavailability is about 70%. It penetrates the tissue well enough. Its effect is manifested 45 minutes after administration. Fenistil is converted in the liver into metabolites, its excretion occurs with urine and bile.
Indications for use
The drug is prescribed in the case of:
Various allergic reactions on the skin (meaning only a type of the disease of an allergic nature): eczema; hives; rubella.
Itching of a different nature (except cholestasis);
Burns (only mild!) Solar, household, industrial.
Before starting treatment with Fenistil gel, the physician and patient should examine the possible consequences. The instructions for use contain a detailed list of cases when the drug is prohibited to use. Consider some of them.
Pregnancy (first trimester). During this period, the fetus is particularly sensitive, so the expectant mother is not recommended to use any medication.
It is forbidden to use the gel during lactation.
For infants up to 1 month Fenistil is contraindicated.
High sensitivity to the individual components of the composition. In this case, it is necessary to consider an alternative option - an analogue of the gel with the same effect.
In the presence of chronic diseases before treatment it is necessary to undergo examination by a doctor so that he determines whether the remedy will cause harm to the body. Caution gel or drops should be used for children under 1 year. The tool can provoke not only a sedative effect, but also a violation of night sleep, headaches. More often, small children are given an analog (Vibrocil).
Appointment during pregnancy and lactation
The use of the drug Fenistil in the first trimester of pregnancy is possible only after consulting a doctor.
In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and lactation, the gel should not be used on large areas of the skin, especially in the presence of inflammation and bleeding.
Nursing mothers should not put the drug on the nipples of the mammary glands.
Use in pediatrics
In children aged 1 month to 2 years, the drug should be used only after consulting a doctor.
In infants and young children should not use the drug in large areas of the skin, especially in the presence of signs of inflammation or bleeding.
Dosage and method of use
As indicated in the instructions for use Fenistil gel is applied to the affected skin with a thin layer and left to fully absorb.
In case of severe itching or severe allergic reaction, the drug Fenistil in the form of a gel is recommended to be combined with oral forms of the same agent, for example, with drops.
The gel is applied 2-4 times a day, the duration of treatment with a drug is determined by the doctor individually, but usually is no longer than 5-7 days. If during this period the manifestations of allergy did not become less or, on the contrary, aggravated, then the patient should again consult a doctor to correct the prescribed therapy and clarify the diagnosis.
When applied to the skin, no more than 10% of the active substance gets into the blood, therefore side effects are extremely unlikely. However, the official list is:
Headaches, dizziness, dysfunction of external respiration, edema, irritability, drowsiness, muscle spasm, dry mouth, skin rash, nausea.
When taking the drug orally, the dosage specified in the instructions must be strictly observed, as there is a risk of overdose. In this case, depression of the central nervous system may develop, drowsiness (in adults), CNS stimulation and m-anticholinergic manifestations (most often in children), including tachycardia, agitation, ataxia, convulsions, hallucinations, mydriasis, dry mouth, fever, flushing, urinary retention, lowering blood pressure, collapse.
If an overdose of Fenistil has occurred, activated charcoal is prescribed to the patient, and a saline laxative is also indicated. In the course of treatment it is necessary to take measures to maintain the functions of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
Cases of overdose of the external forms of the drug is not described. If the drug accidentally gets inside, you need to take similar measures. The specific antidote is absent.
special instructions for Fenistil
Before you start using the drug, read the specific instructions:
The drug is ineffective with itching associated with cholestasis.
When applying the drug Fenistil on large areas of the skin should avoid exposure to sunlight.
In cases of severe itching or damage to large areas of skin, the drug can be used only after consulting a doctor.
If during the period of use of the drug Fenistil the severity of symptoms of the disease does not diminish or increases, consult a doctor.
The drug contains propylene glycol and benzalkonium chloride. The emulsion also contains butylhydroxytoluene. These excipients can cause local allergic reactions (contact dermatitis). Butylhydroxytoluene can also irritate eyes and mucous membranes.
Compatibility with other drugs
Fenistil enhances the action of anxiolytics and hypnotics.
With the simultaneous appointment of ethanol (alcohol) with Fenistil, a slowdown in the speed of psychomotor reactions is noted.
MAO inhibitors enhance the anticholinergic and inhibitory effects on the central nervous system.
Tricyclic antidepressants and m-holinoblokatory increase the risk of increased intraocular pressure.
We offer you to read the reviews of people who used Fenistil gel:
The child constantly appears on the skin redness, from the bites of mosquitoes appear solid huge red blisters. Recently I found out that after a month newborns can smear Fenistil cream with red skin. The medicine is non-hormonal, therefore it cannot harm the child. I tried and now constantly use only this ointment.
I have Fenistil ointment - a universal remedy for all unpleasant incidents. I use immediately after thermal burns at home, after application do not appear blisters. Successfully removes redness and discomfort after exposure to sunlight. I learned that you can use from mosquito bites. Need to try.
Good for insect bites. In our family, everyone reacts to mosquito bites hard, with severe itching and redness. You smear with phenystyle - everything passes quickly. We use emulsion and gel too.
Parents often speak positively of phenystyle for children - in about 85% of cases. This is due to the rapid action of the drug, which literally within a few hours is able to relieve the allergic symptoms that bother the child. Moreover, drops are very popular in the fight against allergies, and gel is used to eliminate the effects of insect bites. Many children are combing the places of mosquito bites, itching keeps them awake and creates a feeling of strong discomfort. Gel perfectly relieves itching, eliminates swelling and redness, returning the child to a normal state.
Negative reviews about Fenistil for children are associated with its strong hypnotic effect and severity of side effects in the form of burning skin. In this situation, the drug eliminates the symptoms of allergy, but the severity of side effects outweighs the benefit, therefore, Fenistil is given a total negative assessment. After all, the drowsiness of the child makes parents very worried, looking forward to the end of the drug. And burning skin brings the child no less discomfort than the itch.
Shelf life and storage conditions
The shelf life is 3 years, the production date is indicated on the packaging. Store the drug should be at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C, out of reach of children.
Terms of sell
You don't need a prescription to buy Fenistil.